The status of minorities and their legal protection on the international and european level has longer/broader background than general protection of human rights. In fact, until the year 1998 the situation of minorities protection was connected just with human rights documents and agreements. There was no „lex specialis“ agreement which would deal in detail with the protection of national minorities and the languages of national minorities. The most important was the mission of the Council of Europe. The primary goal of the Council of Europe is to protect and promote wealth and cultural diversity of European cultural heritage. The regional and minority languages are the immanent part of this heritage and that was the reason for working out the subsequent agreements. The first attempt to support the languages of national minorities was the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 1992 („the charter“), and the second attempt came in version of Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in 1995.